The Degree System (Bachelor’s, Master’s, Doctorate)
3 university degrees certify the stages of a student's education:
The Bachelor’s degree, also known as the undergraduate degree, prepared in 6 semesters (3 years)
The Master's degree, prepared in 4 semesters (2 years)
The Doctorate, for those who want to do research after their Master’s (3 years)
Each year of university studies is organised into 2 semesters, each worth 30 credits.
The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)
Since 2002, the French university system has been based on the Licence-Master-Doctorat (LMD) system. This system facilitates the equivalence of diplomas in Europe, thanks to the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS).
The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) is a grading system developed by the European Union. It certifies the level of higher education of students and facilitates the recognition of qualifications within the European area.
One year of full-time study corresponds to 60 credits (30 credits per semester)
Bachelor's degrees are worth 180 credits (3 years)
Master's programmes are worth 120 credits (2 years)
Doctoral studies do not accrue ECTS credits
The LMD system means:
Courses that are better targeted towards employment opportunities
Diplomas recognised at European level
Increased potential for mobility
Decompartmentalisation of disciplines
Easier to resume studies at any time in one's life, wherever one may be